SUSTAINABILITY
CBFM
Community-Based Fisheries Management and the white background sub-header to read:
Best-in-class model for engaging small-boat fisheries proved through experience

We leverage our experience with what works to leverage the supply chain to engage the fishing communities in which they work. Community-Based Fisheries Management is the end game for all of our fisher based programs as it by definition drives sustainability. One best-in-class idea is the grassroots community-based fisheries model is the one we designed for Sumbawa, Indonesia.

There’s no question that fisheries are a primary example of the Tragedy of the Commons, an economic theory that says people who share a resource can easily deplete it by acting in their own self-interest. However, examples like Alaska’s salmon fisheries show that limiting vessel licenses and, therefore, access to the shared resource, can go a long way toward sustaining fishery stocks. That’s why controlling entry in the public interest, without unjust discrimination, is a fundamental component of our holistic fishery management and social impact initiative in Indonesia’s eastern archipelago.

In Sumbawa and in other places NAI has advocated working with local, provincial, and federal government bodies to chart out an exclusive fishing zone for the artisanal fleet. Within the new zone, the government, with the help of international fisheries management experts, will manage the entry of boats less than 30 gross tons.BSI partners will coach and guide local fishers, giving them the power to organize their cooperatives. Fishers themselves manage the fishing effort and zone enforcement.

Community sponsored fishery governance groups will have all the tools to resolve fishery disputes and impose penalties. So while the Government will set the rules on fishing ground access, it is the fishing cooperative that will have a stake in implementation and largely control enforcement.

The fishing license as an asset

Given the limited allotment of vessel licenses in a limited entry fishery area, the licenses will gain value. More importantly, these assets will increase in value with the success of the fishery over time. Fishers will have the choice to sell their license value upon retirement or pass it along to their children, which can make the license a source for retirement income as well as a fishery management control.